search and replace in files
By: Johnathon Wright on: September 17, 2009
For all files under app/views, replace all tabls with two spaces.
find app/views -type f -print0 | xargs -0 sed -i 's/\t/ /g'
find app/views -type f
'find' lists all the files (with relative path) at or below the specified path. 'type -f' gives you 'files' ie not directories. It also exclude symlinks, etc. [ see "list of file types":http://www.gnu.org/software/findutils/manual/htmlmono/find.html#index-gt_002dtype-31 ]
'-print 0' is a hack for cross-system compatibility issues. [ see "documentation on -print option":http://www.gnu.org/software/findutils/manual/html_mono/find.html#Print- File-Name ]
xargs -0 ...
xargs simply takes whatever list is passed to it and executes an executable you specify once for each line it receives. the -0 tells xargs to handle the result of find -print0
the -i argument means to edit the file inline... ie overwrite it rather than writing the contents to another file. " "Danger Will Robinson!":http://www.entertonement.com/clips/rqfcgvbfmn--Danger-Will-RobinsonRobot-Lost-in-Space- " ... this will rewrite your files ... if you screw this up and aren't using a repository, this could be a disaster for you.
this is the same substitution format as found in vim. replace regex at 'needle' with string 'replacement'. /s is substitute, g is global, ie not just the first occurrence.